South Dakota was the 40th state to become part of the USA. But climate science deniers are trying to stop adoption of the South Dakota Science Standards. The Black Hills, a group of low pine-covered mountains sacred to the Sioux, are located in the southwest part of the state. Another important sector in South Dakota's economy is tourism. Capital - Pierre. 1803 - US President Thomas Jefferson purchased the Louisiana Territory from France, a real-estate deal that at the time doubled the size of the United States. South Dakota was the most decorated battleship during World War II. Area - approximately 77,121 square miles. This narrow strip of rolling hills and forests was created by glaciers and extends along the eastern edge of South Dakota. South Dakota: State Capitol. European contact with the area began in 1743, when the LaVérendrye brothers explored the region. The South Dakota public school system (prekindergarten through grade 12) operates within districts governed by locally elected school boards and superintendents. They have 15 varsity teams, most of which compete in The Summit League. The service sector, retail trade and manufacturing industries account for the majority of the state's employment. South Dakota summers bring frequent, sometimes severe, thunderstorms with high winds, thunder, and hail. The vision for the South Dakota Physical Education Standards is to improve educational achievement and the health of South Dakota students, by developing students who are physically educated. South Dakota has the nation's largest population of Hutterites, a communal Anabaptist group which emigrated in 1874 from Europe, primarily from German-speaking areas. Formations from the Paleozoic Era form the outer ring of the Black Hills; these were created between roughly 540 and 250 million years ago. A working paleontological dig, the site contains one of the largest concentrations of mammoth remains in the world. In 2013 South Dakota had 130,471 students enrolled in a total of 697 schools in 170 school districts.There were 9,334 teachers in the public schools, or roughly one teacher for every 14 students, compared to the national average of 1:16. Humans have lived in what is today South Dakota for several thousand years, at least. In 1817, an American fur trading post was set up at present-day Fort Pierre, beginning continuous American settlement of the area. South Dakota contains several sites that are administered by the National Park Service. South Dakota is the seventeenth largest by area, but the fifth smallest by population and the 5th least densely populated of the 50 United States. During the summers, the average high temperature throughout the state is often close to 90 °F (32 °C), although it cools to near 60 °F (16 °C) at night. This sector includes the retail, finance, and health care industries. It is located on the eastern edge of the Black Hills, and was founded in 1876. Students Dakota Wesleyan University; South Dakota: ethanol production plant. In 1861, the Dakota Territory was established by the United States government (this initially included North Dakota, South Dakota, and parts of Montana and Wyoming). South Dakota is the sixth leading ethanol-producing state in the nation. They are Washington, Jefferson, Roosevelt, and Lincoln. At times the Black Hills are combined with the rest of western South Dakota, and people often refer to the resulting two regions divided by the Missouri River as West River and East River. resources including state web sites, educational web sites, and commercial This range of low mountains covers 6,000 sq mi (16,000 km2), with peaks that rise from 2,000 to 4,000 feet (600 to 1,200 m) above their bases. A number of annual events celebrating the state's ethnic and historical heritage take place around the state, such as Days of '76 in Deadwood, Czech Days in Tabor, and the annual St. Patrick's Day and Cinco de Mayo festivities in Sioux Falls. The university has about 10,515 students. The next eight largest cities in the state, in order of descending 2010 population, are Aberdeen (26,091), Brookings (22,056), Watertown (21,482), Mitchell (15,254), Yankton (14,454), Pierre (13,646), Huron (12,592), and Vermillion (10,571). As of the 2000 census, 1.90% of the population aged 5 or older speak German at home, while 1.51% speak Lakota or Dakota, and 1.43% Spanish. Eastern South Dakota generally features higher precipitation and lower topography than the western part of the state. They lived for centuries on the land prior to European contact. Fishing and hunting are both popular outdoor activities in South Dakota. Among South Dakota's K-12 students: 19,165. are enrolled in afterschool. Email. American Indians, largely Lakota, Dakota, and Nakota (Sioux), are predominant in several counties and comprise 20 per cent of the population in West River. Sports. Once inhabited by the Lakota Native Americans and then explored by the French, Sioux Falls was incorporated in 1876 and later greatly benefited by the South Dakota economic boom during the 1880s. Flower - American Pasqueflower. Of the ten largest cities in the state, only Rapid City is located west of the Missouri River. The population of South Dakota declined by more than 7% between 1930 and 1940. Other major South Dakota rivers include the Cheyenne, James, Big Sioux, and White Rivers. His accounts of the 19th-century Indian Wars and Ghost Dance movement, and his deep thoughts on personal visions and Native American religion, form the basis of the book Black Elk Speaks, first published in 1932. Some 4,420 miles (7,110 km) of railroad track were built in South Dakota during the late 19th century and early 20th century, but only 1,839 miles (2,960 km) are active. Harvey Dunn grew up on a homestead near Manchester in the late 19th century. South Dakota State University is the largest school in the state; it serves about 11,500 students. The geography of the Black Hills, long considered sacred ground by Native Americans, differs from its surroundings to such an extent that it can be considered separate from the rest of western South Dakota. Land speculators founded two of eastern South Dakota's largest present-day cities: Sioux Falls in 1856 and Yankton in 1859. And every year, the Census Bureau conducts more than 100 other surveys. Rivers were the highways in settling the western territory. South Dakota Quick Facts. Of the people residing in South Dakota, 65.7% were born in South Dakota, 31.4% were born in another U.S. state, 0.6% were born in Puerto Rico, U.S. Island areas, or born abroad to American parent(s), and 2.3% were born in another country. Settlement of the area, mostly by people from the eastern United States as well as western and northern Europe, increased rapidly, especially after the completion of an eastern railway link to Yankton in 1873. South Dakota Quick Facts. End of the Buffalo Before 1800, there were millions of American bison living in South Dakota. South Dakota has a total area of 77,116 square miles (199,730 km2), making the state the 17th largestin the Union. up and down arrows. The geographical center of the U.S. is 17 miles (27 km) west of Castle Rock in Butte County. (In 1980, the US Supreme Court and Congress ordered payment to the Lakota for the illegal seizure of the Black Hills. ; 1804 - Rivers were the highways in settling the western territory. The five-day event drew over 739,000 attendees in 2015; significant considering the state has a total population of 850,000. Many travel to view the attractions of the state, particularly those in the Black Hills region, such as historic Deadwood, Mount Rushmore, and the nearby state and national parks. Students are fascinated by the human emotions and the values and attitudes of the past reflected in personal writings. Abbreviation - SD. Rushmore that is being constructed with private funds. Data Access Tools Fun Facts Games Historical Documents and Images Maps News Articles Public Service Announcements Videos ... State Facts for Students. University of South Dakota-Vermillion, founded in 1862, is a public, comprehensive institution. Citibank, which was the largest bank holding company in the United States at one time, established national banking operations in South Dakota in 1981 to take advantage of favorable banking regulations. The Homestake Mine is one of the deepest mines in the world at 8000 feet deep! Black Elk Peak, formerly named Harney Peak, with an elevation of 7,242 ft (2,207 m), is the state's highest point, while the shoreline of Big Stone Lake is the lowest, with an elevation of 966 ft (294 m). The South Dakota Department of Education is proposing top notch new science standards for K-12 students that include sound climate change education. Rapid City's economy is largely based on tourism and defense spending, because of the proximity of many tourist attractions in the Black Hills and Ellsworth Air Force Base. Oscar Howe (Crow) was born on the Crow Creek Indian Reservation and won fame for his watercolor paintings. As South Dakota’s Morrill Act land-grant university, SDSU had a fall 2019 enrollment of 11,518, with students coming from every state and 83 countries. The Corn Palace is also famous, and it is in Mitchell. entities. The Dissected Till Plains, an area of rolling hills and fertile soil that covers much of Iowa and Nebraska, extends into the southeastern corner of South Dakota. The mountains are thickly blanketed by various types of pines, including ponderosa and lodgepole pines, as well as spruces. The definition of a physically educated person includes five major focus … North Dakota is bordered by Canada in the north, Minnesota in the east, South Dakota in the south, and Montana in the west. The experiences of the Dust Bowl, coupled with local bank foreclosures and the general economic effects of the Great Depression, resulted in many South Dakotans leaving the state. By the early 19th century, the Sioux had largely replaced the Arikara as the dominant group in the area. A 1995 study by the U.S. Census Bureau found that 58% of homes on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation did not have a telephone. South Dakota is situated in the north-central United States, and is considered a part of the Midwest by the U.S. Census Bureau; it is also part of the Great Plains region. Black Elk Peak, formerly named Harney Peak, with an elevation of 7,242 ft (2,207 m), is the state's highest point, while th… Two national parks have been established in South Dakota, both located in the southwestern part of the state. Mammals in this area include bison, deer, pronghorn, coyotes, and prairie dogs. Many of Redlin's works are on display at the Redlin Art Center in Watertown. South Dakota has also produced several notable artists. BNSF Railway is currently the largest railroad in South Dakota; the Rapid City, Pierre and Eastern Railroad (formerly the Dakota, Minnesota and Eastern) is the state's other major carrier. Mount Rushmore has faces of four famous US presidents carved into it. This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use South Dakota Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about South Dakota which is a state located in the Midwestern region of the United States. Eastern South Dakota is home to most of the state's population, and fertile soil in this area is used to grow a variety of crops. Winters are cold with January high temperatures averaging below freezing and low temperatures averaging below 10 °F (−12 °C) in most of the state. During the 1800s bison were hunted by the millions. On December 29, 1890, the Wounded Knee Massacre occurred on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. The center of population of South Dakota is in Buffalo County, in the unincorporated county seat of Gann Valley. In 2007, the site of the recently closed Homestake gold mine near Lead was chosen as the location of a new underground research facility, the Deep Underground Science and Engineering Laboratory. Layers deposited during the Pleistocene epoch, starting around two million years ago, cover most of eastern South Dakota. As of 2019, South Dakota had an estimated population of 884,659, an increase of 70,479, or 8.66%, since the year 2010. A value of NA indicates that there is no data for that time period, due to there being less than three establishments. Brookings is the home of South Dakota State University, the state’s largest university, with 8100 students, and a staff of nearly 2000. Newton Hills State Park, south of Canton, is part of a geological feature called the Coteau des Prairie. Programs are offered through the Colleges of Arts and Sciences and Fine Arts; the Schools of Business, Education, and Medicine; and the Division of Health Sciences. South Dakota has a total area of 77,116 square miles (199,730 km 2), making the state the 17th largest in the … Fast Facts for High School Dual Credit Students (HSDC), Parents and Educators Many students, parents and educators have questions about college classes before the semester starts. Popular species of game include pheasants, white-tailed deer, mule deer, and turkeys, as well as waterfowl such as Canada geese, snow geese, and mallards. Custer's expedition took place despite the fact that the US had granted the entire western half of present-day South Dakota (West River) to the Sioux in 1868 by the Treaty of Laramie as part of the Great Sioux Reservation. Area - 77,121 square miles [South Dakota is the 17th biggest state in the USA] Population - 844,877 (as of 2013) [South Dakota is the 46th most populous state in the USA] Name for Residents - South Dakotans Major Rivers - Cheyenne River, Missouri River, James River, White River Flood control, hydroelectricity, and recreational opportunities such as boating and fishing are provided by the dams and their reservoirs. Other languages spoken included Vietnamese (0.16%), Chinese (0.12%), and Russian (0.10%). While Dunn worked most of his career as a commercial illustrator, his most famous works showed various scenes of frontier life; he completed these near the end of his career. The Crazy Horse Memorial is a large mountainside sculpture near Mt. Agriculture-related industries such as meat packing and ethanol production also have a considerable economic impact on the state. The state bird, the ring-necked pheasant, has adapted well to the area after being introduced from China. Archaeology & Paleontology in South Dakota Fossils of extinct species, giant wooly mammoths and dinosaur bones have been discovered in South Dakota. The North American continental pole of inaccessibility is located between Allen and Kyle, 1,024 mi (1,648 km) from the nearest coastline. Data on this page come from the 2010 Census, the American Community Survey, Population Estimates, County Business Patterns, and Puerto Rico Community Survey. Humans have inhabited the area for several millennia, with the Sioux becoming dominant by the early 19th century. West of the Missouri River the landscape becomes more arid and rugged, consisting of rolling hills, plains, ravines, and steep flat-topped hills called buttes. In the 14th century, the Crow Creek Massacre occurred, in which several hundred men, women, and children were killed near the Missouri River. This image also in: Students agriculture; Students biofuel; Mitchell: Corn Palace. As of the 2000 census, South Dakota ranked fifth-lowest in the nation in population and population density. These are the youngest rock and sediment layers in the state, and are the product of several successive periods of glaciation which deposited a large amount of rocks and soil, known as till, over the area. The U.S. Census Bureau takes a census of the population every 10 years, and censuses of economic activity and governments every five years. in 1762 the entire region became part of the Spanish Louisiana until 1802. Fact 2 The oldest building in South Dakota is the Cataldo Mission. South Dakota is situated in the north-central United States, and is considered a part of the Midwest by the U.S. Census Bureau; it is also part of the Great Plains region. South Dakota became a state on November 2, 1889. Pierre is the state capital and Sioux Falls, with a population of about 171,000, is South Dakota's largest city. Map. One of the largest tourist events in the state is the annual Sturgis Motorcycle Rally. White students totaled 101,242, which was about 77.6 percent of the student population in the state. Government spending is another important segment of the state's economy, providing over ten percent of the gross state product. The Black Hills are in the southwestern part of South Dakota and extend into Wyoming. South Dakota. This page was last modified on 3 January 2021, at 22:38. In recent decades, South Dakota has been transformed from a state dominated by agriculture to one with a more diversified economy. The Mammoth Site near Hot Springs is another privately owned attraction in the Black Hills. Between 500 AD and 800 AD, a semi-nomadic people known as the Mound Builders lived in central and eastern South Dakota. The Peter Norbeck National Scenic Byway is located in the Black Hills, while the Native American Scenic Byway runs along the Missouri River in the north-central part of the state. Brookings is the home of South Dakota State University, the state’s largest university, with 8100 students, and a staff of nearly 2000. As of 2010, 93.46% (692,504) of South Dakota residents aged 5 and older spoke English as their primary language. Retail, finance, and healthcare have assumed greater importance in Sioux Falls, where the economy was originally centered on agri-business and quarrying. Other sports, such as cycling and running, are also popular in the state. Famous attractions include Mount Rushmore, the Black Hills, and the Wall Drug Store. South Dakota is the 17th largest state in the United States in terms of total area with 77,116 square kilometers (199,729 square miles). The current president of the university is James W. Abbott. Pierre is the state capital, and Brookings and Vermillion are the locations of the state's two largest universities (South Dakota State University and University of South Dakota, respectively). sample surveys are subject to sampling and nonsampling error. The first inhabitants were Paleoindian hunter-gatherers, and disappeared from the area around 5000 BC. The tourism industry has grown considerably since the completion of the interstate system in the 1960s, with the Black Hills becoming more important as a destination. Grab your state data & go! Other areas managed by the National Park Service include Jewel Cave National Monument near Custer, the Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail, the Minuteman Missile National Historic Site, which features a decommissioned nuclear missile silo and a separate missile control area located several miles away, and the Missouri National Recreational River. South Dakota is the home of the Sioux nation, composed of the Lakota, Dakota, and Nakota tribes. The South Dakota State Board of Education may vote this month on whether to adopt top-notch new science standards for K-12 students that include sound climate change education. Song - Hail, South Dakota. South Dakota has a continental climate with four distinct seasons, ranging from cold, dry winters to hot and semi-humid summers. Besides being used by cyclists, the trail is also the site of a portion of the annual Mount Rushmore marathon; the marathon's entire course is at an elevation of over 4,000 feet (1,200 m). Population 2010 2019; Population: 814,180: 884,659: Rank: 47: 47: Median Age: 36.9: 37.4 Sioux Falls is the largest city in South Dakota, and also has the largest and fastest-growing metropolitan area in the state. South Dakota is bordered by the states of North Dakota (on the north), Minnesota (to the east), Iowa (to the southeast), Nebraska (on the south), Wyoming (on the west), and Montana (on the west). For the following combo box, to make a The state capital of South Dakota is Pierre. CSV. It became a state on November 2nd of 1889, the same day that North Dakota became a state. With a population of about 14,000, Pierre is the second smallest state capital in the United States. The western two-thirds of the state consists of plains that … South Dakota is a state in the United States. North Dakota produces enough canola oil every year to fill the state capitol’s 19-story tower 19 times. Bird - Chinese Ring-Necked Pheasant. The financial service industry began to grow in the state as well, with Citibank moving its credit card operations from New York to Sioux Falls in 1981, a move that has since been followed by several other financial companies. South Dakota. In the south, east of the Black Hills, lie the South Dakota Badlands. Rivers were the highways in settling the western territory. Other important cities are Rapid City and Aberdeen. selection, press enter then alt plus down arrow and use the By attending status, there are 32,929 full-time and 20,753 part-time students with gender distribution of23,992 male and 29,690 female students. During the 1930s, several economic and climatic conditions combined with disastrous results for South Dakota. South Dakota's culture reflects the state's American Indian, rural, Western, and European roots. NG Kids. The city, founded in 1856, is located in the southeast corner of the state. As the southern part of the former Dakota Territory, South Dakota became a state on November 2, 1889, simultaneously with North Dakota. State Facts for Students. South Dakota has 83,609 miles (134,556 km) of highways, roads, and streets, along with 679 miles (1,093 km) of interstate highways. South Dakota State University is the state’s largest, most comprehensive higher-education institution. Once the southern portion of the Dakota Territory, South Dakota became a state on November 2, 1889, simultaneously with North Dakota. University of South Dakota is a public university in Vermillion, South Dakota. What is now South Dakota was among the northern Plains land claimed by the French and sold to the U.S. in the 1803 Louisiana Purchase. Sioux Falls is the largest city in South Dakota. Smaller geographic regions of this area include the Coteau des Prairies, the Dissected Till Plains, and the James River Valley. South Dakota can generally be divided into three regions: eastern South Dakota, western South Dakota, and the Black Hills. QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more. Eventually the US defeated the Sioux and broke up the Great Sioux Reservation into five reservations, settling the Lakota in those areas. Black Hills mammals include deer, elk (wapiti), bighorn sheep, mountain goats, pine marten, and mountain lions, while the streams and lakes contain several species of trout. Average annual precipitation in South Dakota ranges from semi-arid conditions in the northwestern part of the state (around 15 inches or 380 mm) to semi-humid around the southeast portion of the state (around 25 inches or 640 mm), although a small area centered on Lead in the Black Hills has the highest precipitation at nearly 30 inches (760 mm) per year. Paul Goble, an award-winning children's book author and illustrator, has been based in the Black Hills since 1977. Pierre is the state capital of South Dakota. (Among several editions, a premier annotated edition was published in 2008.) Black Elk (Lakota) was a medicine man and heyokha, whose life spanned the transition to reservations. The culture, economy, and geography of western South Dakota have more in common with the West than the Midwest. Students will begin to form their own opinions based on evidence and original sources. Before 1889, South Dakota was a part of the Dakota Territory. There were 14,997 students who identified as American Indian/Alaska Native in South Dakota, accounting for 11.5 percent of the student population. Lewis and Clark in South Dakota Lewis and Clark spent the late-summer and early fall of 1804 exploring present-day South Dakota. Eastern South Dakota is a flat prairie region. Fertile topsoil was blown away in massive dust storms, and several harvests were completely ruined. South Dakotans who take the ACT score slightly higher, on average, than other states that see similar numbers of students take that test. South Dakota History Firsts & State Facts. 7.3% of South Dakota's population was reported as under 5, 24% under 18, and 14.3% were 65 or older. South Dakota's largest commercial airports in terms of passenger traffic are the Sioux Falls Regional Airport and Rapid City Regional Airport. Map of the United States with South Dakota highlighted. Other events in the state include the Tour de Kota, a 478-mile (769 km), six-day cycling event that covers much of eastern and central South Dakota, and the annual Sturgis Motorcycle Rally, which draws hundreds of thousands of participants from around the United States. South Dakota became a state on November 2, 1889. Chart. In 1874, gold was discovered in the Black Hills during a military expedition led by George A. Custer and miners and explorers began illegally entering land promised to the Lakota. Custer State Park holds an annual Buffalo Roundup, in which volunteers on horseback gather the park's herd of around 1,500 bison. The U.S. Census Bureau sends questionnaires in the mail or contacts businesses Females made up approximately 50.2% of the population. West of the Missouri, ranching is the predominant agricultural activity, and the economy is more dependent on tourism and defense spending. Agriculture has historically been a key component of the South Dakota economy. This area features rocks such as limestone, which were deposited here when the area formed the shoreline of an ancient inland sea. South Dakota is bordered by North Dakota in the north, Minnesota and Iowa in the east, Nebraska in the south, and Wyoming and Montana in the west. 2.06% (15,292) of the population spoke Spanish, 1.39% (10,282) spoke Dakota, and 1.37% (10,140) spoke German. South Dakota was the 40th state to become part of the USA. 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