In 2014, the Somali ostrich, previously considered to be a subspecies of common ostrich, was recognized as being a separate species. Like the ostrich, it is a fast-running, powerful bird of the open plains and … The ostrich shares the order Struthioniformes with the kiwis, emus, rheas and cassowaries.However, … Diet. The ostrich is easily recognizable by its large size, long legs, long neck and small head. S. c. The Somali ostrich is an omnivore (they eat both meat and vegetation), but they have shown a preference for leaves, roots and seeds. This species is a huge, flightless bird, with males reaching up to 275cm! The ostrich's diet consists mainly of plant matter, though it also eats invertebrates. When threatened, the ostrich … Living forms. The two existing species of ostrich—the common ostrich (Struthio camelus) and Somali ostrich (Struthio molybdophanes)—are the biggest birds on earth. Habitat: Africa, including deserts, semi-arid plains, savannas, and open woodlands. Active Wild Pinterest Active Wild Facebook. It lives in nomadic groups of 5 to 50 birds. The expression stems from the common belief that ostriches bury their heads in response to a threat. The African ostrich is the largest living ratite. It is a myth that ostriches bury their heads in the … 1. The Ostrich is one or two species of large flightless birds native to Africa, the only living member(s) of the genus Struthio.Some analyses indicate that the Somali Ostrich may be better considered a full species apart from the Common Ostrich, but most taxonomists consider it to be a subspecies. Wild ostrich populations are declining drastically, with most ostriches surviving on farms or in game parks. This ability is multiplied when the birds are in a flock, because there are so many eyes watching out for potential danger. The male’s neck and thighs are blue-grey, … The Ostrich or Common Ostrich (Struthio camelus) is either one or two species of large flightless birds native to Africa, the only living member(s) of the genus Struthio, which is in the ratite family. Ostrich have evolved to live in the harsh hot climates. It is a large, flightless black bird with white tail feathers, a featherless blue-grey neck and grey thighs. They are scientifically known as Struthio camelus and Struthio molybdophanes, respectively. This animal is part of the Active Wild Online Zoo, a virtual zoo that features animal information, pictures and videos. the Somali ostrich, the blue-necked ostrich (Struthio molybdophanes) Arabian ostrich (S. c. syriacus), Syrian ostrich, Middle Eastern ostrich – it became extinct in 1966. wide, and weighs 1.5 kg (3.3 lb.). The Somali ostrich (Struthio molybdophanes), also known as the blue-necked ostrich, is a large flightless bird native to the Horn of Africa. Adult male ostriches are black with white wing and tail feathers. The mating process begins with the male ostrich performing a courtship dance to a female. According to some scientific classifications, there are also other species in the Struthioniformes order. In fact, the speedy giant would be in danger of getting a speeding ticket in many countries! (110 kg) in weight. The ostrich has a long association with man. Brief Overview: The Ostrich is the largest, and fastest, bird on land. … The diet of the Ostrich mainly consists of plant matter, though it also eats insects. For the other living species, see Somali ostrich. You can find out about more amazing African animals here. The other species is the Somali Ostrich (Struthio molybdophanes) Ostrich Physiology. del Hoyo, J., N. Collar, and E. F. J. Garcia (2014). The common ostrich shares the order Struthioniformes with the kiwis, emus, rheas, and cassowaries. It is a good long distance runner too, able to run at 31 mph (50 km/h) for over 30 minutes. It is distinctive in its appearance, with a long neck and legs, and can run at up to about 70 km/h (43 mph), the fastest land speed of any bird. The Somali ostrich is differentiated ecologically from the common ostrich, with which there is some range overlap, by preferring bushier, more thickly vegetated areas, where it feeds largely by browsing, whereas the common ostrich is mainly a grazer on open savanna. Visit today! The Ostrich is one or two species of large flightless birds native to Africa, the only living member(s) of the genus Struthio.Some analyses indicate that the Somali Ostrich may be better considered a full species apart from the Common Ostrich, but most taxonomists consider it to be a subspecies.. 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